Schizophrenia

Description:
Schizophrenia affects about 1% of the world population. The onset of psychosis usually occurs at ages 17-27 in males and ages 20-37 in females. Most cases have partial, some full remission with medication. A few have a spontaneous recovery. Central to the diagnosis of schizophrenia is having delusions and/or hallucinations.

NOTE: If low dose treatment can be started soon after several symptoms are noted, there is a 80-85% recovery rate.

Negative Symptoms (loss or decrease of normal functions)

Social withdrawal  Sudden failure in school  Blank expressionless face Avoidance of eye contact  Lack of personal hygiene  Lack of energy or initiative  Speech brief and lack of content Inappropriate clothing for weather  Lack of pleasure or interest in life Night wanderings

Positive Symptoms ( psychosis)

  Hallucinations: Hear, see, and/or feel things that are not there. Voices may comment on their behavior or give them commands. May “hear” ambulance or police sirens. May “see” friends, strangers, or monsters.
  Delusions: Thoughts or beliefs with no basis in reality. May think someone is trying to poison you, people are talking about you, someone is controlling your thoughts or paranoia-thinking people are out to get you.

Causes
The brains of those with schizophrenia are structurally different, caused by both genetic and environmental factors during development.

Treatment
  Medication: Antipsychotics such as Zyprexa, Seroquel, Risperdal, Geodon

   Psychosocial rehabilitation
 
  Hospitalization